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Reports on Maize Grown in the American South in 1854

Statement of J. H. Forman, of Oak Bowery, Chambers county, Alabama.

     Corn is the universal crop here for home consumption, and yields 20 bushels to the acre.

Statement of Samuel D. Martin, near Pine Grove, Clarke county, Kentucky.

     Corn is our main crop, and is probably worth more than all the others cultivated here.  The average yield is about 60 bushels to the acre.  Some fields produce double that amount per acre.  The market price is usually about 25 cents a bushel; this year 75 cents.

Statement of John B. C. Gazzo, of La Fourche parish, Louisiana.

     This crop is raised in great abundance in this parish.  The best mode of cultivating is to throw the ground up into beds, in the same manner as for cotton. Plough deep and close, and plant in the "water-furrow," to protect the corn from the drought.  The first time, in cultivating, plough deep and close, with a long narrow plough; the second time, less deep, with a larger plough; the third time, shallow.  The average product is from 40 to 50 bushels to the acre.  

Statement of L. Rathbun, of Bellevue,  Bossier parish, Louisiana.

     Indian corn is only raised in this parish for home use.  It will yield from 15 to 50 bushels to the acre, the "hill lands" producing from 15 to 25 bushels, and the "river" or "bottom lands" from 40 to 50 bushels.

Statement of Joshua Harris, of Welche's Mills, Cafarras county, North Carolina.

     The present crop of corn is light on account of the drought; but "bottom lands" have yielded prtty well.  I had 40 bushels to the acre the present season on such lands.  We plant 4 ½ apart feet each way, and two stalks to the hill.  The present price of corn is 75 cents per bushel.

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